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Enhancing one's fitness levels might reduce the risk of prostate cancer

Enhancing fitness appears to decrease the risk of prostate cancer, as per a recent Swedish study. A 3% or more annual improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness over three years correlated with a 35% lower likelihood of developing prostate cancer compared to those with declining fitness. This association remained consistent regardless of initial fitness levels.



Researchers from the Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences analyzed data from over 57,000 men in a health database since 1982. Conducting fitness tests measuring oxygen consumption during vigorous exercise, men who later developed prostate cancer were compared to those who did not.



The study found that irrespective of age or initial fitness levels, a modest improvement in fitness correlated with a significant reduction in prostate cancer risk. William Oh, MD, of the Prostate Cancer Foundation, emphasized that even a small increase in fitness could substantially lower the risk. The study suggests activities like jogging, hiking, and swimming as beneficial exercises.


Who's At Risk of Getting Prostate Cancer ?

Individuals at risk of developing prostate cancer encompass men of advancing age, with susceptibility extending to all. Heightened risk is observed in African Americans and those with a familial history of prostate cancer. While symptoms may not always manifest, vigilance is crucial.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention emphasizes recognizing signs like difficulty initiating urination, weak urine flow, frequent nighttime urination, challenges in emptying the bladder, pain during urination, blood in urine or semen, and back, hip, or pelvic discomfort. Seeking prompt medical attention is imperative upon experiencing any of these indicators.



Kate Bolam, a researcher at the Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences and co-author of the study, suggests focusing on activities of more vigorous intensity. She recommends engaging in activities where maintaining a conversation becomes challenging, such as energetic exercises like line dancing. The key is to choose activities that elevate the heart rate, are enjoyable, and can be consistently incorporated into one's routine.


Sources -British journal of sports medicine: “association between change in cardiorespiratory fitness and prostate cancer incidence and mortality in 57 652 swedish men.”

NBC News :“Improving fitness may be linked to a 35% lower risk of prostate cancer, study.”

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